By the end of it, I implemented a simple computer where I built the chips for a CPU (with registers and ALU) and a RAM; and a bunch of abstractions on top: a java like programming language - Jack, operating system libraries (for math, for drawing pixels on the screen, for memory management etc.), a compiler, a virtual machine and an assembler that all worked together. Eventually I was able to play my own chess game which compiled down to machine code and ran on the above mentioned CPU, just awesome!
I was very enthusiastic about the course and it was super fun, I learned a lot.
I hope you do to!